Rebuilding - The Gates of Your Life - Part 2


Rebuilding - The Gates of Your Life - Part 2


Part 2 - Rebuilding the Gates of Your Life

Slide 1

Slide 1

Introduction: In the first part of this great tale of rebuilding Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) by the leadership of NechemYAH (Nehemiah) we discovered that before the exile the land of promise was designed to provide physical sustenance for the people to engross in Torah. Yisrael in the time of Mosheh (Moses) had spent Forty years of testing in the Desert to see if they would obey the Torah of YAHWEH before they could journey to that land of promise the Land of Milk & Honey. Just like the principles of Covenants which were progressive we are discovering that the rebuilding of Lives as with Yerushalayim is a progressive work. 

From the Story of Yisrael we find a clear picture that is often repeated directing us to the Purpose of the Messianic Goal. We now begin to see that suffering and exile have the purpose of bringing Restoration. Therefore Messianic redemption is defined as freedom from the obstructions to Torah observance. 

Slide 2

Slide 2

Rambam- (Hil. Teshuvah 9 and Hil. Melachim 12) 

The abundance of Canaan was offered so the people might satisfy their physical needs and be free to engross themselves fully with the study of Torah & the performance of Mitzvot or the Commandments. However if the people indulged themselves with the Temporary its blessings became a pitfall & became a hindrance so blessing was replaced with famine, warfare, persecution and finally exile. 


Through the subsequent years in the land however the people of Yisrael failed in their purpose to engross themselves in the ways of YAHWEH revealed through the Torah but upon being deprived of prosperity through Captivity they had returned to their Elohim and were now able to return to the land they had been cast off. 

Through the work of Zerubbabel & the prophets Haggai & ZecharYAH (Zechariah) the Temple had been restored but the city walls still lay in ruin. It was then that NechemYAH was sent by the King to rebuild the City of Yerushalayim (Jerusalem). From this great story we discovered that there is a Symbology that applies to each of us. Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) in the physical was the place where YAHWEH had chosen to place his name therefore his “Shekinah” or his presence that resided in the “Most Qadosh” place or the “Holy of Holies.”

What now became apparent was that Yerushalayim was also a picture of every believer and the temple symbolized the restored heart of the believer with the walls of Yerushalayim picturing the believer’s personality which after their rescue from the slavery of sin can be seen as walls that lye in ruin through the broken & burnt bricks of their life symbolized by the trials & difficulties that mould every person’s personality. The good news the “Besorah” of Yahshua however is that he too has sent NechemYAH or the “Consolation of YAH” the Comforter in the form of the RUACH Ha Qodesh to restore our personalities to be like that of Yahshua that we might do his will & live free of the assaults of Ha Satan. 

Grieving the RUACH Ha Qodesh (The Holy Spirit)


Slide 3

Slide 3

As important as the Walls were to the protection of the people of Yerushalayim they served also to lift the esteem of its inhabitants because we remember how NechemYAH responded when he heard of the City’s condition when he was in Shushan (Susa):

NechemYAH (Nehemiah) 1:4 When I (NechemYAH) heard these words I sat & wept and grieved for some days and I fasted and prayed before the Elohim (G_d) of Heaven. 

It is interesting that Sha’ul (Paul) speaks of laying aside the old human nature and putting on the New nature that YAHWEH is creating. We see this is the underlying work of the RUACH who is building that nature or we could say the personality that is pleasing to YAHWEH but when the RUACH finds us in distress meaning living with a broken personality Shaul pleading with believers says it this way:


Slide 4

Slide 4

Ephesians 4:30 Do not Grieve the RUACH (the Holy Spirit) of Elohim for that RUACH is the seal with which you were marked for the day of Liberation.  

As the people of Yerushalayim needed to accept the leadership of NechemYAH so too we need to allow the RUACH to take charge of our life and not hold on to the old self. 

Now that the walls of Yerushalayim have been rebuilt all is still not as it should be. There is now more to consider. A city with walls is great but there was still no gates hung so the City was still vulnerable. We will now look at how Gates serve in the lives of the People of Yerushalayim and how this might relate to ourselves. 

The Gates of Yerushalayim (Jerusalem)

Since the Gates of Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) were made of wood they were extremely vulnerable and we read in:

NechemYAH (Nehemiah) 2:3 And NechemYAH said to the King, “May the King live forever! Why should my face not be sad, when the City, the place of my Father’s Tombs, lies waste and its “Gates” are burned with fire. 


Slide 5

Slide 5

You only need to watch Movies like “Lord of the Rings” to discover when an enemy desires to conquer a city they will burn and break through it Gates with a Ram & set fire to its Gates and once the gate is breached the battle is sure to be won. 

We read in the Book of Kings the following suggesting that the Army under Nebuzaridan breached the Gates of Yerushalayim:

Melekim Bet (2 Kings) 25:3 In the fourth Month of the year on the ninth day of the Month when famine was severe in the City and there was no food for the common people the City was thrown open. 

An interesting note at this point is that where there was a Gate there was invariably a Well right near it. The purpose of these wells was to put out the fiery arrows of the Enemy which were shot at the wooden gates to cause them to burn so they could be breached. We can now see the symbology that we read in the Brit Chadashah or the Nazarene Writings:


Slide 6

Slide 6

Ephesians 6:16 above all, taking the shield of faith with which you will be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked one.

Also so often the Word of YAH is considered as being water that washes us clean:

Ephesians 5:26 that He might sanctify and cleanse her with the washing of water by the word,

Even Yahshua speaks of living water when referring to the RUACH Ha Qodesh (the Holy Spirit) in:

YAHUchanan (John) 7:38- 39a He who believes in Me, as the Scripture has said, out of his heart will flow rivers of living water.”39 But this He spoke concerning the Spirit, whom those believing in Him would receive;

From these words we can conclude that the RUACH is the living water that comes from the well within us to quench the fiery darts of the enemy.

The Importance of Gates: 

Slide 7

Slide 7

Since the Gates of the City are shown to be so important we need to look at their significance not only in defence but also how they serve in times of peace and how they can also relate to us. 

To understand how important the Gates of Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) were we can look at a number of them to see how they functioned and for what purpose. The Gates were not just random Gates for any purpose but served specific purposes so we will endeavour to examine some important ones. Gates had the universal function of bringing things into the City and taking things out which will become more apparent. 

The Gates therefore in the Life of a believer represent places of authority in your personality. Unlike the walls of your personality that represented thoughts and feelings the Gates represent the places you make decisions therefore the places you say “yes” to YAHWEH or no to Ha Satan therefore like the Gates of the City they allow or reject things from entering or send out or retain things from leaving. 


Slide 8

Slide 8

The Sheep Gate: Ralbag- suggests that Temple sacrifices were brought in through this Gate. 

In Yahshua’s time the Lambs that were kept at Beit Lechem (Bethlehem) would be brought in through this northerly gate and the people would usually sing the following:

Tehillim (Psalms) 118: This is the day that Adonai (YHWH) has made we will rejoice and be glad in it.

25 Save now, I pray O Lord: O Lord I pray, send now prosperity. 26 Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord! 

What upset the Kohanim (the Priests) was that the Lambs were coming into this Northern gate while Yahshua was entering in the eastern gate and the people were singing the same words to him.  

This gate therefore in the believer’s life is where you receive Yahshua as your Saviour as he is the Lamb of Elohim who was sacrificed for your sins. This gate was the one from which the wall began to be rebuilt under NechemYAH (Nehemiah) and is the place where your restoration began also. 

Eliashiv () the High Priest hung this gate with others and his name means “El restores.’ 

Slide 9

Slide 9

The Eastern Gate: 


Jewish Rabbis say that the Messiah would enter through the “Eastern Gate” so to prevent this Suleiman the Magnificent in AD 1539 rather than rebuild the Gate had it walled up. Also there was a Muslim Cemetery placed in front of it believing that a Holy man would not defile himself by walking through it.


Slide 10

Slide 10

 There are different Prophecies that relate to the Jewish Messiah foretold by known Old Testament prophets:

ZecharYAH (Zechariah) 14: 3 & 4; “Then YAHWEH will go forth And fight against those, nations, As He fights in the day of battle. And on that day His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, which faces Jerusalem on the east. And the Mount of Olives shall split in two, From east to west, Making a very large valley; Half of the mountain shall move toward the north And half of it toward the south.” 

Therefore the Mount of Olives which faces the Eastern Gate, will be opened by his coming. It is believed that in Yahshua’s day there was a bridge east of Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) leading to the mount of Olives where the Red Heifer would be Sacrificed:

Hebrews 13:10-12 We have an altar from which those who serve the tabernacle have no right to eat. 11 For the bodies of those animals, whose blood is brought into the sanctuary by the high priest for sin, are burned outside the camp. 12 Therefore Yahshua also, that He might sanctify the people with His own blood, suffered outside the gate.


Tehillim (Psalms) 24:7 says, “Lift up your heads, O gates, and be lifted up, O ancient doors, that the King of glory may come in! Who is the King of glory? YAHWEH strong and mighty, YAHWEH mighty in battle.”


The Eastern gate therefore represents for us that Yahshua the Messiah is the King of Glory that rules our life and will come to Rule from Yerushalayim (Jerusalem). We therefore open this Gate and make him King & Ruler of our life.


Slide 11

Slide 11

 The Fish Gate: 

Almost every mention of the Fish Gate involved corruption of the people of Yisrael. The reason maybe that as a society becomes more corrupt its two most public manifestations involve firstly places of Religion:

YermeYAHU (Jeremiah) 32:34 “they set their abominations in the House which is called by my Name, to defile it.”

Secondly corruption is manifested through Business:

Slide 12

Slide 12

In the days of Yahshua we find this same corruption filtering into the Temple precincts:

MattithYAHU (Matthew) 21:12-13 Then Yahshua went into the temple of Elohim and drove out all those who bought and sold in the temple, and overturned the tables of the money changers and the seats of those who sold doves. 13 And He said to them, “It is written, ‘My house shall be called a house of prayer,’ but you have made it a ‘den of thieves.”

The significance of these principles should not be overlooked since every human being has gates relating to the Spiritual where we worship our Elohim but we also have Gates for our physical needs such as finances. We know we need money & a place to live as each one of us is in the pursuit of happiness but when our decisions begin to corrupt us it can lead to all sorts of difficulties. Therefore we need to control what comes in and what is acceptable. Scripture teaches:

1 Timothy 6:10 For the love of money is a root of all kinds of evil, for which some have strayed from the faith in their greediness, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows.  

The Old Gate:

One theory about this gate is that it was called the “old Gate” because it belonged to the ancient city of Salem that was 1st built by Malkizedek (Melchizedek). 


Slide 13

Slide 13

We could say that this Gate speaks to us of the Old ways of Truth therefore it speaks of return or “Teshuvah” a path that we know we have been called to & have chosen believing it is bringing us to the complete truth of our faith:

YermeYAHU (Jeremiah) 18:15Because My people have forgotten Me, They have burned incense to worthless idols. And they have caused themselves to stumble in their ways, from the ancient paths, to walk in pathways and not on a highway,

YermeYAHU (Jeremiah) 6:16 Thus says YAHWEH:

“Stand in the ways and see, and ask for the old paths, where the good way is,
And walk in it; Then you will find rest for your souls.


As we journey on this path which is an Ancient path we will find rest for our souls which have spent enough time wallowing in the mire of ignorance & Torahlessness but now have found a truth that brings joy to our hearts. The joy of celebrating what YAHWEH has commanded, & knowing that it is according to his will and Word. Though we still have many questions we know our Heavenly Father can see the intents of our heart which we know is pleasing to him. We are, on a progressive path that can only be complete when the Master and our Bridegroom comes to lead us in the absolute way of Truth therefore we look forward to that day. 


The Dung or Refuse Gate:

Slide 14

Slide 14

The original name of this gate in Hebrew is Sha'ar Ashpoth, literally translates to "gate of the garbage," It was situated where the Hinnon Valley was. The Hinnom Valley received its name from Hinnom who made his children walk through fire in the worship of Moloch. Sh’lomo (Solomon) built altars to Moloch here for his wives, and after him, Ahaz and Manasseh made their children "pass through the fire" in the Valley of Hinnom. Josiah (YoshiYAHU) rendered it ceremonially unclean by spreading human bones and other corruptions (2 Kings 23:10,13-14; 2 Chron 34:3-5). From that time forward, it became the garbage dump and cesspool of the city. There was constant fire and smoke here from burning refuse at the time of Yahshua. 

In the believer this gate is significant in that through it YAHWEH desires to remove the junk from your life. Interestingly the ruler hung this Gate suggesting that certain people of leadership should be used to help eliminate the rubbish from your life. This is the place where you expel those things that need to be removed from your life just as the inhabitants used this gate to remove all the waste of the City and destroy it. We could say that this gate helps us remove the baggage of our past life that we may receive a life that is purified of the unwanted weight:

Ibrim (Hebrews) 12:1 We too then having so great a cloud of witnesses all around us, let us lay aside every weight and the sin that so easily entangles us and let us run with endurance the race set before us. 


The General Understanding of the Gates:

From the Book of NechemYAH (Nehemiah) we see a great picture of the Rebuilding of the Esteem & Honour of the Great City that YAHWEH has eternally chosen to place his Name and presence. To the Believer this story is a great Metaphor because we too need our walls rebuilt but to fully be protected from external attack YAHWEH needs the Gates rebuilt and hung as well. This therefore reflects on the decisions one makes and is expressed by the Words one speaks whether they be constructive or potentially destructive. We recite each Shabbat the following and it would be good to reflect on how this teaching is revealed in those Words:



Slide 15

Slide 15

Tehillim (Psalms) 19:14 May the words of my mouth and the meditation of my heart
Be acceptable in Your sight, O YAHWEH, my strength and my Redeemer.

As the progression of rebuilding Yerushalayim becomes apparent in this story the truth that YAHWEH is in the process of restoring our thinking and our decision processes revealed through our words become apparent also. 

A very good example of closing the Gates was found last week when we read:

Tehillim (Psalms) 38:12-13 Those also who seek my life lay snares for me;
Those who seek my hurt speak of destruction, And plan deception all the day long.

13 But I, like a deaf man, do not hear; And I am like a mute who does not open his mouth.
14 Thus I am like a man who does not hear, And in whose mouth is no response.


Truly these words are so insightful when dealing with difficult situations in our life for we know, that YAHWEH is a strong Fortress for those who trust in him. 



We have in this grand tale of the Rebuilding of Yerushalayim a deep spiritual lesson of YAHWEH through the guiding hand of His RUACH (Spirit) empowering us to restore our life to be that which Yahshua desires. If we choose to be led by his spirit we will see changes as we begin to reflect his light just as the Moon reflects the light of the Sun which can only bring Glory to Him. Torah Study was never meant so that we could overwhelm another with our point of view through complex intellectual rhetoric but was meant that we may become like him in nature & understanding.

What we notice however with the story of Rebuilding Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) is that we have dealt with the defence of the inhabitants of the City from external attack which reveals to us that through our personality, decisions and words YAHWEH is desiring each one of us to be able to resist the attack of the enemy as well as our human sinful nature.

Coming Soon Part 3:


Rosh Chodesh Series - Part 3


Rosh Chodesh Series - Part 3

Video Teaching

Slides and Study Notes

slide 2.jpg
slide 9.jpg
slide 10.jpg

Time Your Walk Series – Part 3 Study Notes
All Crescent and Accounted For


In week one we established the importance of time in our walk and how there is a time and a place for everything that we should do. “There is a time for everything, and a season for every activity under the heavens (Ecclesiastes 3:1)” The rotations of the heavenly bodies attest to this. “And Elohim said, ‘Let there be lights in the vault of the sky to separate the day from the night, and let them serve as signs to mark sacred times, and days and years. (Genesis 1:14)’” We saw how the mundane aspects of our lives, such as sleep and labour are usually divided up by the night and the day. “The sun rises… Then people go out to their work, to their labour until evening. (Psalm 104:23)” Most cultures who work a six day week with a seventh day of rest, consciously or unconsciously abide by Scripture which says, “Six days you shall labour and do all your work but the seventh day is a Shabbat to Yahweh your Elohim. On it you shall not do any work, (Exodus 20:9-10a)” Most cultures observe a thirty to thirty-one day month, with each month recurring twelve times within a three hundred and sixty-five day year. The Hebrew calendar is slightly different, reckoning a twenty-nine or thirty day month recurring twelve times in a three-hundred and fifty-four day year. “This month is to be for you the first month, the first month of your year. (Exodus 12:2)” 

Sometimes Rosh Chodesh is observed for two days due to the variation of the twenty-nine or thirty day month. If one month is thirty days, Rosh Chodesh is two days long and if another month has twenty-nine days Rosh Chodesh is observed for only one day. The following months always have two days of Rosh Chodesh (the first day of the month plus the last day of the previous month): Cheshvan, Adar (and Adar II), Iyar, Tammuz, and Elul. The following months always have one day of Rosh Chodesh: Tishrei,1 Shevat, Nisan, Sivan, and Av. The months of Kislev and Tevet fluctuate; some years they both have one day of Rosh Chodesh, some years both have two days, and some years Kislev has one day and Tevet has two days of Rosh Chodesh.

We learnt that the nature of the Hebrew calendar being “luna-Solar” causes the months to occur 11 days earlier each year, which presents a problem with a number of seasonally dependant Pilgrimage Feasts (Pesach, Shavuot and Sukkot). For example Pesach is commanded to be observed annually in the springtime according to Deuteronomy 16:1. So the only solution was to make a man-made adjustment every so often to preserve two of Yahweh’s commands. Without this adjustment, observing Pesach in springtime will eventually be transgressed. The solution took the form of adding a thirteenth month (Adar Sheni [Second Adar]) seven times in every nineteen years.

Yahweh is all about working with us within the framework of time by revealing His glory to man by stages in time. This is evident with the revealing of the seven covenants, the Edenic Covenant, the Adamic covenant, the Noahide covenant, the Abrahamic covenant, the Sinai covenant, the Davidic covenant and the Renewed covenant, with each unfolding at particular waypoints in time. Within these covenants is the gift of the Shabbat, Rosh Chodesh and the High Holidays of the Biblical calendar, which are all dependent on time. Circumcision is also dependant on time, being commanded to take place on the eighth day. 

The Torah contains the words “In the beginning,” and then segments the process of creation within a deliberate timeframe and the Talmud, man’s most authoritative Divine response to the Torah itself, starts with the question, “From what time may one recite the evening Shema?” So both the Word of Elohim and the Word of Man in response to Elohim start with a focus on time.

Yahweh created and set time. He set a time for man to be born, for man to live and He set a time for man to die. There is…“a time to be born and a time to die (Ecclesiastes 1:1)” “Man's days are determined; you have decreed the number of his months and have set limits he cannot exceed. (Job 14:5)” Elohim determines the length of man’s days. “My Ruach will not contend with humans forever, for they are mortal; their days will be a hundred and twenty years. (Genesis 6:3)” 

He commanded man to take ownership of time and use it wisely. “Teach us to number our days, that we may gain a heart of wisdom. (Psalm 90:12)” A man who obeys Yahweh’s times will be blessed with a long and prosperous life. “My son, do not forget my teaching, but keep my commands in your heart, for they will prolong your life many years and bring you prosperity. (Proverbs 3:1-2)”

Yahweh does not keep the length of a man’s days secret from him if he enquires. “Show me, Yahweh, my life's end and the number of my days; let me know how fleeting my life is. (Psalm 39:4)”

The restoration of the Kingdom of Israel however is sealed. When the multitude gathered around John and asked him when this would take place, he said, “It is not for you to know the times or dates the Father has set by his own authority. (Acts 1:7)” The passing away of all things is also withheld. “But about that day or hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. (Mark 13:32)” 

There is even the passing of time in heaven. “When he opened the seventh seal, there was silence in heaven for about half an hour. (Revelation 8:1)” The very concept of eternity is not timelessness, but time with no beginning and no foreseeable end. 

We looked at the nature of the Hebrew calendar, its features, with its months symbolising each tribe and how they carry various unique moods and characteristics of their own. We looked at how Rosh Chodesh was observed with the Sanhedrin and how it is observed without a functioning Sanhedrin. We also looked at when it was observed and saw that there are many who claim it was on the crescent moon and some who claim it was on the molad (dark moon ). 

We looked at how, “Originally, the New Moon was not fixed by astronomical calculation, but was solemnly proclaimed after witnesses had testified to the reappearance of the crescent of the moon,” Encyclopaedia Judaica, Vol. 12, p. 1039. The switchover from watching for the first visible crescent to calculating conjunctions to determine the month’s beginning came with Hillel II’s calendar revisions in the 4th century C.E. “By the middle of the fourth century, the sages had established a permanent calendar and the public proclamation of the New Moon was discontinued” (Ibid). And though we are commanded to actually observe the moon (Deuteronomy 16:1), even in those times not everyone actually had to and currently there is no Sanhedrin and no authoritative body to report the sighting to. We are living in diaspora conditions and not all the Torah can be adequately observed. The Hillel II calendar resolves this difficulty and enables observers to plan a day off work if they so choose. Few employers would accept an absence every month with no prior notice. It is however still expected that able parties go out and witness the new moon in this dispensation, although whether it is sighted or not, the holiday is still to be observed. 

With the molad, the covered or dark moon, we argued that it is at the precise conjunction of the moon, referred to as the New Moon in modern calendars and we cited Psalm 81:3, which instructs the blowing of the shofar at this time. We also cited the Book of Enoch, referenced in the Book of Jude, and noted that it called the New Moon a time when the heaven receives the moon’s entire light, when it appears completely blanketed by darkness and unseen to the human eye. But we also mentioned how Rosh HaShanah or Yom Teruah, which occurs on the first month (Tishrei) of the Hebrew calendar, was observed on the dark moon, because the blowing of the shofar when the moon is concealed represents the covering of sins and also confuses HaSatan who seeks to bring accusations against us at that time. 

We also looked at how the crescent symbolised the horns of a calf or a bull symbolising idolatry and how it’s also observed and venerated in Islam. But it’s important to add that a similar accusation can be levelled at the Shield of David, used by various occult circles, but originates from two inverted Hebrew Dalets and is perfectly kosher. So too, the refrain from eating pork, which is a Torah ordained observance is also observed within Islam. 

In part 2 we looked at the case for keeping the molad and this week we will be concluding with a counter case as to why it should be observed on the crescent, where a small sliver of curved light becomes visible.

First up we’ll start with the testimony of Philo of Alexandria

The First Century Jewish writer Philo of Alexandria gives a very specific explanation of the New Moon as it was understood in the First Century. He writes:

(140) Following the order which we have adopted, we proceed to speak of the third festival, that of the new moon. First of all, because it is the beginning of the month, and the beginning, whether of number or of time, is honourable. Secondly, because at this time there is nothing in the whole of heaven destitute of light. (141) Thirdly, because at that period the more powerful and important body gives a portion of necessary assistance to the less important and weaker body; for, at the time of the new moon, the sun begins to illuminate the moon with a light which is visible to the outward senses, and then she displays her own beauty to the beholders. And this is, as it seems, an evident lesson of kindness and humanity to men, to teach them that they should never grudge to impart their own good things to others, but, imitating the heavenly bodies, should drive envy away and banish it from the Soul (Special Laws 2, 140-141)

Notice Philo says of the time of the New Moon “time there is nothing in the whole of heaven destitute of light” (140) and “, at the time of the new moon, the sun begins to illuminate the moon with a light which is visible to the outward senses” (141) eliminating any doubt whatsoever. Philo did not recognize the invisible dark moon as Rosh Chodesh, but the crescent moon as it first begins to reflect the sun’s light again as Rosh Chodesh.

The Testimony of the Mishnah

The Mishnah discusses the sighting of the New Moon by witnesses in detail (m.Rosh HaShanna 1:3-3:1). This portion of the Mishnah discusses when messengers would be sent to the diaspera to notify them of the siting of the New Moon (1:3) when the Sabbath is loosed for the witnesses to testify (1:4) questions at to how clearly the new moon appeared (1:5) whether a father and son could both serve as witnesses (1:7) who could serve as a valid witness (1:8) what to do when a witness was unable to walk (1:9) a system of flare signals once used to send a signal of the siting to the diaspera (2:1-4) where the witnesses would be gathered (2:5) how the witnesses were questioned (2:6) and how they were shown a chart of moon phases for comparison (2:8). All of this makes it clear that witnesses were seeing the new moon and giving testimony of what they saw to the Sanhedrin which would then officially designate the day of the New Moon.

Of particular interest are two particular passages from this portion of Mishnah. The first discusses the orientation of the new moon:

How do they test the witnesses? The pair who arrive first are tested first. The senior of them is brought in and they say to him, tell us how you saw the moon in front of the sun or behind the sun? To the North of it or the South? How big was it, and in which direction was it inclined? And how broad was it? If he says [He saw it] in front of the sun, his evidence is rejected. After that they would bring in the second and test him. If their accounts tallied, their evidence was accepted, and the other pairs were only questioned briefly, not because they were required at all, but so that they should not be disappointed, [and] so that they should not be dissuaded from coming.
(m.Rosh HaShanna 2:6)

The second speaks of a chart showing moon phases that the witnesses were shown for comparison:

(Rabban Gamliel had diagrams of the shapes of the moon on a tablet and on the wall of the upper chamber. These he sued to show the ordinary people asking, "Did you see the moon like this or like that?" It once happened that two came and said, "We saw it in the east in the morning and in the west in the evening". Rabbi Yochannen ben Nuri said, "they are false witnesses." But, when they arrived in Yavneh, Rabban Gamliel accepted them. And on another occasion, two came and said, "We saw it at its proper time, but on the following night, we did not see it"; and Rabban Gamliel accepted them. Rabbi Dose ben Hyrcanus said, "They are false witnesses", and Rabbi Yehoshua ben Chananya replied, "I agree with you."
(m.Rosh HaShanna 2:8)

These passages make it clear that the Rosh Chodesh was not an invisible dark new moon.


Rebuilding - Lives - Part 1


Rebuilding - Lives - Part 1

Rebuilding Lives- Part 1 Study Notes and Slides

(Slide 1)

Introduction: This particular teaching centres on “Sefer NechemYAH” or the book of Nehemiah. We recite in our Liturgy every Shabbat “Av HaRachamim- Father of Mercy” in which we say “Father of Mercy bestow your favour upon Zion. Rebuild the walls of Yerushalayim.” (Jerusalem) This teaching will endeavour to make this great story not only more memorable but also more relevant to our daily lives. NechemYAH was a man chosen to restore not only the Physical Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) but like the Maccabees later, he was also called to reignite the faith of the people to return them back to the true faith of their Fathers since Yisrael was in great need of a leader that was strong and uncompromising. So often the Writings in the Tanakh (Old Testament) have been thought of as only Historical but I hope to show that there are layers of understanding & wisdom that are so much deeper and hidden within this wonderful tale of victory that speaks of the Yahudim (the Jews) returning to their beloved Nation and especially their Qadosh (Holy) City of Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) to reclaim their land and their faith. 

Slide 2

Yerushalayim (Jerusalem):  

The beauty of Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) the nature and charm of its setting originally was meant to represent the visible outer reach of the sacred radiance which dwelled within. The beauty of Solomon’s Temple was legendary. In Solomon’s Temple, being the pinnacle of the Kingdom, dwelt revealed “Shechinah- the Presence” but through rebellion it was taken away. Is this not a picture of fallen man who through disobedience was removed from the presence of YAHWEH?

Slide 3

As the Kingdom began to decline many Prophets were sent to it such as YeshaYAHU (Isaiah) & especially YirmeYAHU (Jeremiah) but finally after many years of rebellion the Kingdom fell while under King Tzidqiyahu (Zedekiah) and the promise of exile was fully realized. 

Slide 4

The land of Canaan was promised to Yisrael after years of slavery according to:

Shemoth- (Exodus) 3:8 I have come down to deliver them from the hand of the Mitsrites (Egyptians) and bring them up from that land to a good and spacious land, to a land flowing with milk & honey. 

To fully understand this great story we must see it in a Messianic context which we will see repeated again with NechemYAH (Nehemiah) but ultimately with the return of the Machiach (Messiah).

Slide 5

The Messianic Goal: Rambam- (Hil. Teshuvah 9 and Hil. Melachim 12) 

The abundance of Canaan was offered so the people might satisfy their physical needs and be free to engross themselves fully with the study of Torah & the performance of Mitzvot or the Commandments. However if the people indulged themselves with the Temporary its blessings became a pitfall & became a hindrance so blessing was replaced with famine, warfare, persecution and finally exile. The people would however merit redemption only when they devoted themselves to Torah study despite the obstacles. Accordingly Messianic redemption is defined as freedom from the obstructions to Torah observance. 

Note: “our sages & Prophets did not long for the Messianic era in order to dominate the World & rule over the Heathen but rather to avail themselves of the Torah and its wisdom without oppression or disturbance… In that era there will be neither famine nor warfare, envy nor contention, for worldly goods will flow plentifully and the entire World will engage solely in the pursuit of knowing Elohim. (Rambam, Hil. Melachim 12:4-5)

This therefore suggests that the Messianic age when Yahshua will reign will be a time when the Physical needs will be fully met and all will be free to engross in Torah Study without any hindrance. 

Slide 6

In the present however Yahshua also makes this point when teaching of the folly of worrying about food, drink & what to wear etc when he says in:

MattithYAHU (Matthew) 6:33 But seek first the kingdom of Elohim and His righteousness, and all these things shall be added to you.

With this thought in mind we see a people deprived of their blessings, removed from their inheritance yet in all this, rather than turning to other Elohim as they had done during their prosperity they returned to YAHWEH their Elohim. 

Slide 7

NechemYAH (Nehemiah) at this time in desperation over the condition of Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) and its inhabitants remembers the promise of Elohim when he prays:

1:8-9 Remember please the words which You (YAHWEH) commanded your servant Mosheh (Moses), saying, “if you should sin and I disperse you among the Nations, and then you return to me and observe my commandments and perform them then even if the banished among you reach the ends of Heaven, I shall gather them from there and bring them to the place which I have chosen as the resting place for My Name.   

“My Name” refers rather to the “Shechinah” or the Divine Presence. The great promise given here is that when repentance therefore “Teshuvah” or returning to YAHWEH is truly from the heart then YAHWEH promises to return his people to the place from which they were cast out, the place that he had chosen for his presence & his name.


The Symbolism of Yerushalayim (Jerusalem)  

Since Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) is a picture of the place that YAHWEH would rest his divine presence and that today there is no Temple standing we can say that through the perfect sacrifice of Yahshua his Divine Presence is now with man since Scripture says:

1 Corinthians 6:19 do you not know that your body is the temple of Ruach Ha Qodesh (the Holy Spirit) who is in you. 

Since Yerushalayim was the place of the Presence of YAHWEH and the believer today is the place of his presence a strong representation can be made to analyse this Divine Parable to gain insight into the state of the Believer based on the state of Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) at the time of NechemYAH (Nehemiah). As Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) is the physical manifestation of the presence so the spiritual manifestation is his presence in man, making this powerful tale something to look into with much more anticipation!

The State of Yerushalayim:

To understand the state of the Qadosh (Holy) City we need to remember that this time was 14 years after the completion of the second Temple in the 6th year of the reign of King Darius son of Ahasuerus & Queen Esther. However though the place of worship or the Temple had been completed and under Ezra the Priest its function of leading the people in the Torah had commenced the things in this city were by no means good. The Temple was rebuilt but the walls of the City lay in Ruins which brought NechemYAH (Nehemiah) great distress. 

Slide 8

Ultimately it was his deep anguish over the fate of the Sacred City where his forefathers were buried that moved him to abandon his high position as attendant to the King to journey to Yerushalayim at great personal risk. 

Slide 9

Compacted with this was that only a small remanent of 42,360 responded by returning to the land (Ezra 2:64) while most had remained in Babylon or the centre of the Medo- Persian Empire. Yet more devastating was the condition that NechemYAH found the inhabitants. Communal affairs were almost in a state of Anarchy, the tithes for the Kohanim (Priests) were inadequate, intermarriage was rampant, Sabbath observance was lax and the destitute were downtrodden by the wealthy moneylenders.   

The symbology can now be established. Many people today find it hard to leave Babylon but a remanent does although these still live in great turmoil. Many that have received Yahshua as their Saviour & King still have many areas in life that have not revealed the victory that Yahshua came to give. In this great tale we will now find beautiful underlying Spiritual truths that I hope will give greater meaning to the image we see. 

Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) had broken down walls which can be seen as a believer who has been redeemed so the heart has been restored being the place of Worship reflected in the restored Temple however the broken down walls reflect the personality of the believer which so often is still lying in Ruins therefore we need to understand that a person who fails to control his personality is open to spiritual attack just as the people dwelling in Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) were open to attack from their enemies meaning that believers are vulnerable to the incursion of evil thoughts & successful temptations:

Slide 10

Mishle (Proverbs) 25:28 tells us “Whoever has no rule over his own spirit is like a City broken down, without walls.  

Blue Letter Bible H7307 - The Word Spirit or Ruach can refer to mind, emotions like temper, anger, impatience, disposition, uncontrollable impulse, desire & is the seat of moral Character.  

 The Beauty of the story of NechemYAH (Nehemiah) is that it has great relevance to us today. NechemYAH waited on the King of the Empire but after reports about the City of Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) came to him it grieved him much. For many years each one of us lived in captivity but when Yahshua the Messiah entered our hearts we were set free from the captivity of sin had the Temple of YAHWEH restored but like Yerushalayim (Jerusalem), though Ezra had a rebuilt Temple the walls of the City were still in ruins. From this great story we see the King authorizing NechemYAH (Nehemiah) to go and rebuild the walls and seek the good of the people. We could say that the King represents Yahshua who is seated at the Right hand of YAHWEH and has all authority but amazingly a great truth is further revealed in the name NechemYAH (Nehemiah):


Slide 11

Blue Letter Bible H5166 His name actually means “YAH comforts, the comforter of YAH or the consolation of YAH.”

Is this not a picture of the RUACH Ha Qodesh (The Holy Spirit) who is our Comforter and comes to rebuild our lives as well! It truly grieves him that he finds the walls of our lives often in Ruin too, though the Temple has been rebuilt giving us relationship with YAHWEH, often the walls or our personalities can be thought of as crumbling ruins. 

Since Yahshua paid such a price to redeem us from the curse which means he delivered us from the strategies of the enemy like disease, and bondage to do his will, he will not leave us as we are, until we become like Yahshua so the Ruach Ha Qodesh (The Holy Spirit) has been given us to rebuild those areas that are crumbling or have holes.

The Walls of Yerushalayim:

In the Ancient days the only security and protection that people had from marauding enemies was their City with its great walls. Just think of Yericho (Jericho):

Yahushua (Joshua) 6:1Yericho (Jericho) was bolted and barred against the Yisraelites; no one went out and no-one came in. 

  A city with walls could often keep an enemy out until all supplies were gone. So important was it that a city could remain secure for years as in the case of Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) in the days before its capture by Nebuchadnezzar’s army. The importance of walls cannot be underrated. 

Slide 12

The conditions of the walls of Yerushalayim & their effects are clearly shown from:

NechemYAH (Nehemiah) 2:17-18Then I said to them, “You see the evil which we are in, how Yerushalayim lies waste and its gates are burned with fire. Come and let us build the wall of Yerushalayim and let us no longer be a reproach or humiliation.

18 And I informed them of the hand of my Elohim which had been good upon me and also of the sovereign’s words he had spoken to me. And they said, “Let us rise up and we shall build.” So they made their hands strong for good.

The walls of our lives should also not be underrated in importance. If the study of Torah only gives us knowledge but does not transform our personality then our walls are still in ruin and the purpose of Torah has been lost in the complex of intellectual extremism. 

Slide 13

1 Corinthians 8:1-2 we know that we all have some knowledge about these things. But knowledge puffs up, while love builds up. 

2 But if anyone thinks that he knows it all, he does not yet know as he ought to know.

The Enemy would like us to think that everything is OK in our life when we have received Yahshua because then it is easy for him to come at any time to attack us for we have no protection from him & our Temple or Heart commonly known as the Spirit is very vulnerable when the Walls of our Personality have not been rebuilt. When NechemYAH came to Yerushalayim he found the Walls in total Ruin which grieved him but he came with the directive to rebuild those walls. When you received Yahshua as your Saviour he sent the RUACH ha Qodesh (the Holy Spirit) with the directive to rebuild the walls of your personality. What does this refer to? The walls are the areas of our life that produce thought & feeling. These areas develop as a result of the personality you were born with, together with life’s experiences such as childhood experiences whether they be good or bad and are carried through to today. They have a cumulative affect and ultimately produce your personality. 

Slide 14

We know that the battlefield is the mind so this is the area that needs the attention of the RUACH Ha Qodesh (Holy Spirit) that we can guard ourselves from the strategies of the enemy.  

So often we think that whoever is in Machiach is a New Creation & think everything has been restored but this refers more to our Heart or Spirit. The Work of Building the Walls is an ongoing work the RUACH Ha Qodesh. So often we think that the RUACH completely replaces our personalities but NechemYAH gives us a different picture. He did not cast aside the old burnt, chipped & broken bricks but rather used them to construct the renewed walls & so does the RUACH Ha Qodesh who uses our useless past life and uses it to create a productive new life that is changed and built out of that former past. 

RomaniYA 8:28 And we know that all things work together for good to those who love YAHWEH, to those who are the called according to His purpose.  

Why would Elohim use the bricks of our past hurts & failures to rebuild our lives? The truth is that when he builds us into a restored personality we have the ability to minister to those with the same issues.  

When we begin to see where Elohim has taken us from, we too will know how & when he will use us. I like to think of our personality as a compilation of bricks that may be burnt, chipped or broken that produce a wall that easily crumbles when pushed before we know Yahshua the Messiah. This could refer to broken relationships, emotional hurts or any hurtful words spoken to us or over us. When the RUACH Ha Qodesh (The Holy Spirit) came to us he holds those bricks together by his power & presence thereby strengthening us to withstand the onslaught of the enemy in times of need. 

One thing we need to know however is that, in building your personality the RUACH Ha Qodesh does not do it alone. Just as NechemYAH encouraged vastly different people to work together to rebuild the walls the RUACH directs the work and will use many people but sadly, often he will use people you may not see eye to eye with, to build a certain area of your life. 

The great contrast in your life comes when your personality reflects the New Creation you are in Yahshua Ha Machiach (Yahshua the Messiah). You are totally different from the person you were before you were saved. People that knew you will say, “I knew you before but you have certainly changed. They see the contrast that Yahshua has made in your life. The question for us is “do people say that about us” because when this is apparent then it becomes in itself a great witness for Yahshua. Witnessing is not always about preaching the saving message of Yahshua but it is often observed through our changed personalities.          I pray that every day we embrace the work of the RUACH Ha Qodesh (The Holy Spirit) in our life who is bringing us from glory to glory through every experience we are given:

Slide 15

Ya’acov (James) 1:2-4 My brethren, count it all joy when you fall into various trials, 3 knowing that the testing of your faith produces endurance. 4 But let endurance have its perfect work, that you may be perfect and complete, lacking nothing. 

Knowing that the work of the RUACH is to bring us to the Nature of Messiah the following is an interesting translation that highlights the work of the RUACH in our personalities beautifully:

Slide 16


2 KephAH (Peter) 1:4- 7 He has granted to us His precious and exceedingly great promises, that through these you may become partakers of the divine nature, having escaped from the corruption that is in the world by lust. 

5 Yes and for this very reason He adds to you all diligence, that in your faith He supplies moral excellence and through moral excellence, He supplies knowledge, 

6 and through knowledge, He supplies self-control and through self-control persistence and through persistence He supplies the very nature of Almighty Loving YAH of All Creation. 7 and in Almighty Loving YAH of All Creation‘s nature, He supplies brotherly compassion and through brotherly compassion, He supplies Ahavah (Love). 

It is YAHWEH’s will that we have RUACH led personalities that are being restored into the image of Yahshua. If this is our true desire we need every day to present every part of our personalities to him & pray that he helps change us to be all He desires by the power of his RUACH (Spirit) whom he has sent as our comforter & help. Not only will we be a light to the world as we reflect Yahshua but we will also have a strong wall against the attack of the evil one & his Cohorts. 

Ya’acov (James) 4:7 Therefore submit to YAHWEH your Elohim. Resist the devil and he will flee from you. 

If we look to Yahshua we see someone totally submitted to the Heavenly Father through whom the RUACH Ha Qodesh could do great & mighty things but he was so much more. 

Slide 17

Why was it that the greatest of sinners like the tax collectors & prostitutes were drawn to him? Even small children desired to sit on his lap. This was because he had a personality that reflected his loving Heavenly Father. So too our heavenly Father desires us to be like him that people will be drawn to Yahshua & the demons will see that we are fully submitted to YAHWEH in all areas so that the wall of our personality is strong and impenetrable inMessiah. 


Since NechemYAH came to encourage & strengthen the inhabitants of Yerushalayim who were living in distress they were able to stand strong and as a great strategist NechemYAH had them join together in Families working together in areas that were adjacent to their own dwellings to inspire them as well as having them armed with swords, spears & bows for their own defence:

NechemYAH 6:15 And the wall was completed on the twenty-fifth of the month of Elul, in fifty two days. 16 And it came to be, when all our enemies heard and all the nations

around us saw, that they fell greatly in their own eyes and knew that this work was done by our Elohim.  


This is a grand tale of standing together to see the rebuilding of the Great city of Yerushalayim the City of Elohim. We can learn much from this historical tale. When we learn to be guided by our Comforter and stand together to rebuild the place of YAHWEH’s dwelling, the body of Machiach, the result will be a strong fortress that is impenetrable by the attacks of the enemy. 

Slide 18

Yahshua said it best in:

Yochanan (John) 13:34 A renewed commandment I give to you, that you love one another; as I have loved you, that you also love one another. 35 By this all will know that you are My disciples, if you have love for one another.”